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Eid ul Adha, the Festival of Sacrifice, started yesterday around the world. Some 1.6 billion Muslims will celebrate the occasion over the next three days, many of them without seeing their closest relatives due to new lockdown rules. Regardless, people can still pray, something done in a congregation during Eid ul Adha.
How do you perform an Eid al Adha prayer?
Muslim prayer, like most religions, is one of the most important aspects of worship but it gains a new significance during Eid al Adha.
Eid al Adha necessitates a specific type of prayer name Eid Salat, the Eid congregational prayer.
Eid Salat consists of two ‘Rakats’ (prescribed movements and words during prayer) and six ‘Takbirs’ (praising god).
First, Muslims will make the Niyyah (intention) which involves reciting: “I intend to do two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs”.
Then Muslims will follow the Imam by raising both hands put to the ears, and stating “Allahu Akbar”, completing the first Takbir to enter in the Salat.
Reciting “Subhanaka” will then commence as those gathered say “Allahu Akbar” with the imam, three times and letting their hands down twice, then clasping the hands.
Then, they will listen to the imam reciting the Fatiha and a surah (chapter of the Koran), after which worshippers will say “Ameen”.
Following this, participants are to bow into Ruku and say ”Subahaana Rabbiyal Azeem”.
Then, everyone involved will stand up straight as the imam states “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah”, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.
Muslims will then enter into the first Sajdah (bowing towards the direction of Mecca) and say “Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa’la”.
Sitting up from the first Sajdah in jalsa position (sitting position between the two Sajdahs) entry into the second Sajdah will take place.
Then, Muslims will say “Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa’la”.
Muslims will rise up as they progress into the second Rakat.
For this second part, the imam will first recite Surah Fatiha and some other surah.
Muslims will recite takbir again, stating “Allahu Akbar” with the imam three times, then let the hands down each time.
On the fourth, Muslims will go into Ruku again, and say ”Subahaana Rabbiyal Azeem” after the fourth takbir (Without removing the hands).
As the imam says “Sami Allahu liman Hamidah”, the response is “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.
Going into first Sajdah, “Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa’la” is said before sitting up in jalsa position (Sitting position between the two Sajdahs).
Progression into the second Sajdah means saying “Subahaana Rabbiyal Aa’la” and sitting for the complete Tashshahud (testimony of faith): Muslims recite At-tahiyyat, Allah-umma salli, Allah-umma Barik and Rabbana.
Finally, Muslims will turn to face their right first, saying “Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah” and then to the left and doing the same.
When does Eid ul Adha end?
Eid Ul Adha officially lasts for four days.
The celebration falls between the 10th day of Dhū al-Hijjah and lasts until the 14th on the Islamic calendar.
On the Gregorian calendar, this is July 30 to August 3.
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